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Popular diets to follow: Dukan, blood group, paleo and more

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Want to eat healthy? Well, there is no dearth of diets to choose from. However, much of it can be quite confusing too. Here’s a list that will settle the doubts in your quest to find a diet that suits your needs or goals and seems feasible.

The alkaline diet: Banish acidity

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The alkaline diet seeks to reduce the effects of foods that increase acidity levels in the blood when digested. The programme claims to rebalance the body through a diet comprising two-thirds alkalizing foods (like green vegetables) and one-third acidifying foods (meat, cheese). Alkaline dieters can eat carbohydrate, protein and fat, but the focus is firmly on raw, seasonal produce, green vegetables and fruit.

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Chrono nutrition: Four meals a day

Chrono nutrition is based on the idea of respecting the body’s natural rhythms. Followers can eat what they like, but only at fixed times of day. So rather than cutting out certain foods, this diet — developed by French nutritionist Dr Delabos — puts different food groups in different meals. The day starts with a hearty breakfast including animal fats, followed by a dense, protein- and carb-based lunch, a sweet snack in the afternoon and a light meal in the evening to prevent excess calories being stored overnight. Dark chocolate is allowed every day, but not after 5pm.

Read: Don’t make these dieting blunders if you’re serious about weight loss

Detox diets: Cleanse and purify

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A detox is more of a short-term programme than a long-term diet. Detoxing aims to flush toxins out of the body. This generally takes around a week, and often starts with a phase of around three days where detoxers eat just one kind of food, usually with unlimited fruit, and lots of water and herbal teas. Cooked vegetables are progressively reintroduced, followed by protein (meat, fish, eggs) over the last two days.

The Dukan diet: Go for protein

This diet is very strict in the foods it allows followers to eat, but these can be consumed in unlimited quantities. This controversial diet is a high-protein and low-calorie programme that cuts fat and carbohydrate intake. This encourages the body to use up its fat stores (adipocytes) to get the energy it needs to keep muscles functioning. As fat stores are used, fatty acids are released into the bloodstream, making the liver and kidneys work harder. Weight loss can be very quick in the first phase of the diet — the attack phase — which lasts around seven days (approximately 5kg).

Low FODMAP diet: Beat the bloat

Developed by an Australian nutritionist in 2005 for sufferers of irritable bowel syndrome, this eating program involves avoiding a family of carbohydrates called FODMAPs. FODMAPS are types of sugars that are poorly absorbed by the body. These are naturally present in certain vegetables, cereals, pulses, fruit, mushrooms, dairy products and certain “low sugar” products. Eating FODMAPs can lead to bloating and stomach ache after meals, as the sugars ferment in the intestine. Fruits allowed as part of the diet include bananas, grapes, grapefruit, kiwis, mandarins, oranges, passion fruit, pineapple and tomatoes.

Blood type diet: Each to their own

For the American nutritionist James d’Adamo, people with blood types A, B, O and AB shouldn’t eat the same things to lose weight and stay healthy. This is due to the different antibodies developed in relation to the chemical composition of each specific blood group. Four different profiles exist. The ‘O group’ should eat meat and vegetables but avoid dairy products and carbs. The ‘B group’ should fill up on dairy products, green vegetables, meat and eggs, while avoiding chicken, corn, peanuts and lentils. The ‘A group’ should follow a vegetarian diet, with lots of fruit, vegetables and cereals but no meat, beer, dairy products or beans.

The Mediterranean diet or the Okinawa diet: Eating for longevity

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Following the same diet as inhabitants of the Greek island of Crete or the Japanese island of Okinawa (home to the world’s highest number centenarians) is thought to increase life expectancy. The Mediterranean diet is based on the regular but moderate consumption of red wine, as well as tea, olive oil, plus fruit and vegetables rich in flavonoids and antioxidants which keep the heart healthy. The Okinawa diet is a pescetarian regime that includes vegetables, algae, whole grains and legumes, fruit, high-calcium foods (broccoli, fish, yogurt, cheese, etc.), fish, seafood, and nuts and seeds rich in omega 3.

Paleo: Eat like a caveman

This diet, based on what humans ate in the Paleolithic era, can help dieters shed up to 1kg of fat per week. Eating paleo involves excluding all cereals and dairy products, as well as beans and legumes, starchy vegetables like potatoes, fatty meats, salt, sugar, and all forms of processed food and fizzy drinks. Inspired by our hunter-gatherer ancestors, the diet is based on lean meats, poultry, fish, seafood, fruit and non-starchy vegetables, as well as all kinds of nuts and seeds (almonds, sunflower seeds, etc.).

Shattering Three Generations of Beauty Myths

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My mother is an exceptionally beautiful woman who does not know it. Or, rather, she does not care about it and never has. Beauty is irrelevant to her. I remember as a child being hypnotized by something in her presence but not being able to name it. It was something deeper, fiercer, than the drunk, obsessive love a small child has for a mother who’s always working. I realize now: Oh. She was beautiful.

By the time I was born, I think the world had gotten used to my mother’s nonchalance about her beauty—certainly, when I was a child, it was never overtly mentioned. There was a portrait of her on my grandparents’ mantel—her high school senior portrait, touched up to look like an oil painting. My mother hated that picture. The photographer had assumed that that my mother was white, or maybe Italian with a tan, and so had shaded her skin lighter and recolored her eyes green. Oh, how my mother loathed that picture, but my grandmother kept it in a place of honor, and it did not move from the mantel as long as she was alive. After my grandmother died, the picture disappeared from our family’s possessions and I have not seen it since.

HIS MIND WAS GONE BUT HER BEAUTY REMAINED; IT SHONE EVEN THROUGH THE FOG AND THE TERROR. HER BEAUTY WAS STRONGER THAN HIS VERY LOSS OF SELF.

My grandmother, everyone agreed, was the beauty. My mother always said, “Oh, but Grandma was beautiful. She was like a black Liz Taylor.” My grandmother did care about her beauty, but not in a way that seemed obsessive. She liked fine things—thick Persian rugs and chandeliers and white Cadillacs and tasteful tea-colored antiques. She had all those things, plus a beautiful face and a very tiny waist and a blooming breast line, and she covered herself in well-chosen dresses and slacks (that’s what she called them, never pants) and leopard- and beaver-skin coats. It followed logic that a person who loved beauty like that would also be physically beautiful.

She was so pretty, we told each other, that when my grandfather was eventually hospitalized for Alzheimer’s and she would go and visit him, he would hold her arm tightly, not wanting the other men in the hospital to hone in. His mind was gone but her beauty remained; it shone even through the fog and the terror. Her beauty was stronger than his very loss of self.

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We didn’t have mirrors in the house growing up. My sister likes to tell a story—once she said to my mother, “My friend’s mother doesn’t have mirrors because she says her kids are too beautiful and would become too vain.” “Oh, that makes sense,” my mother said distractedly. Then, after a beat, “Good thing we don’t have that problem here.”

She didn’t think we were ugly, to be clear. And I think at that point my mother was so used to her daughters’ verbal traps and insistent questions that she answered with jokes to privately amuse herself. We thought it was funny, too—we screeched with laughter, and still do, at this joke.

Me, she always told me my skin was beautiful. We had a ritual that lasted far too long, probably till I was 11 or 12. She wanted me to keep my skin beautiful. “You have beautiful skin,” she told me over and over. So much so that it was a shock, in my late twenties, to realize colorism was still very much a thing, to realize that some people secretly and not-so-secretly think my skin is ugly at worst or unfortunate at best. For my mother, my dark skin was a prize to be treasured.

Our ritual was this—after every bath, she dotted my skin with white lotion, like a pox, and then I would have to rub it in to keep my skin healthy and gleaming. I loved this ritual, probably because it was a time of day when I had her undivided attention. And also, being told that something you have is beautiful, so beautiful that you have to take care of it like a rare diamond or a temperamental show cat, is very gratifying. “Your skin is so beautiful,” she said, she says, even now, when I’m in my thirties.

IT WAS A SHOCK, IN MY LATE TWENTIES, TO REALIZE COLORISM WAS STILL VERY MUCH A THING, TO REALIZE THAT SOME PEOPLE SECRETLY AND NOT-SO-SECRETLY THINK MY SKIN IS UGLY AT WORST OR UNFORTUNATE AT BEST.

My grandmother, the great beauty, was as dark or darker than I, darker than her daughter. Only recently I’ve found pictures of her in her twenties—impossibly petite and dainty in cinched belts and full skirts, very dark skin gleaming in the sun. A relative said once to me, proudly, “She was the first dark-skinned woman elected president of our community’s Jack and Jill,” and it seemed, has always seemed, a tainted accomplishment to claim. My grandfather was much lighter than her.

All of this, no one in the family talked about. Color was never discussed, not in the ways I’ve read about in other black American families. It wasn’t even mentioned, except in that positive way, in the longing of my mother’s voice: “Your skin is so beautiful.” I’m profoundly grateful that this subject was avoided when I was a child, that my instinct is always to go darker, that I’ve never once looked in the mirror and wished for lighter skin. I think of my mother’s portrait in its place of honor, the skin painted over to an almost sickly khaki, how my mother would roll her eyes at it.

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My grandmother’s parents took pride in her beauty, just as she took pride in my mother’s and I take pride in theirs. When my mother was younger, my grandmother groomed her—debutante classes and white lace gloves. My mother knows how to set a formal table and which fork to use and how to sip from a bowl of soup. It was wished that she would marry well. My mother tells me that when she was in high school, if she was out at a party, my grandmother would call the house where the party was being held to check on her, and then ask her to stay on the phone and describe the scene to her. If no one answered when my grandmother called, she would ring the house over and over until somebody picked up, until somebody put my mother on the line.

There is a picture that I think sums them up perfectly—my grandmother, demure in a ’50s circle skirt, hair curled neat and glossy, smiling into the camera and my mother, her daughter, beside her, in dungarees, a blur, grinning, pigtails flying, the very picture of a tomboy.

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When I reached adolescence, I became convinced that my mother wanted a different daughter than me, that she found me an embarrassment. By that point I had gained something like 80 or 100 pounds over the course of a year—a feat that felt as though it happened in a dream. I had always looked to my eyes exactly the same, but the doctor insisted that I had changed, that my skin was splitting open and folding over from the pressure. At this time, my best friend, my only friend by then, was a girl who was the physical opposite of me—tall and white and very thin. She could eat anything—garlic pizza for three days straight or drink nothing but Coca-Cola, and not gain a pound. It seemed my mother had this magical ability as well. But I did not. I remember thinking if I just didn’t care about it, my body would somehow sense my nonchalance and sigh and give up this campaign to humiliate me and in its final act of surrender, a kind of peace treaty between me and my gut, my body would give me the metabolism of the unconcerned. Worse than being fat, I felt, was caring about it, was trying to change it and failing miserably.

I REMEMBER THINKING IF I JUST DIDN’T CARE ABOUT IT, MY BODY WOULD SOMEHOW SENSE MY NONCHALANCE AND SIGH AND GIVE UP THIS CAMPAIGN TO HUMILIATE ME.

I gained the weight, in part, because I was on antidepressants. This was in the early 1990s, so understanding of antidepressants and teenagers was pretty minimal. I was given sertraline. I remember being unable to concentrate and I remember feeling sadder than ever. Everyone told me there must be something wrong with me for being so sad, despite the fact that a lot of depressing things had just happened to me in the space of a few months—we were evicted for the second time; my much-loved older sister left for college; we made what then seemed like a terrible step, a move into the projects; I was starting a new school without any friends and my former friends were, understandably, growing apart from me. Instead of talking about any of this, I was given sertraline, one oblong pill I was supposed to break in half and swallow every morning. I promptly started eating even more mindlessly until there were the hundred extra pounds. But I didn’t notice because I was so numb by then, I couldn’t feel any of it.

Despite all that extra weight, I was secretly convinced that underneath it I was a great beauty, like my mother, like my grandmother. I would lie on the couch and look at my reflection in the television. If I lay on my side and held my leg over my head and turned it just so, it became as satisfyingly shapely as my mother’s legs in shorts or my grandmother’s in her stockings. If I cocked my head to the side and let the fat of my cheeks shift back, there were my cheekbones, the same as my mother’s and my grandmother’s, high and dramatic and dangerous. I did these exercises furtively, when no one was in the house. I would have been mortified if I was caught. It was enough to know, it was deeply gratifying to know, that beauty was a possibility, dimly glimpsed in the concave, dull, black eye of a darkened screen.

Beauty is always coming. When I am 40 pounds thinner, when my dreads have grown long enough to lie flat all the way down my back, when the dress that I ordered arrives in the mail. Beauty is not in the here and now. Beauty is a future state.

I found out just recently that my grandmother’s effortlessness was all for show. “She was on a diet all her life. She was always gaining and losing weight,” my sister pointed out. And if I look at the old pictures, yes, I can see it. I remember her impossibly chic lunches of a single oversize scallop, fried on her stovetop and then laid on a gilt-rimmed antique saucer set on a crisp white tablecloth in her golden and cream-colored dining room. I think of how hungry she must have been. I think of her in a dusky living room, on a damask divan, dialing the number of a house one town over, waiting for her daughter to get on the line and describe to her what it feels like to be a pretty girl at a party.

A Busy Girl’s Guide to Beauty

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A busy lady with no time to waste lolling around a salon, Christine Muhlke learns to cut corners.

They say having it all—career, marriage, children—requires giving up some of the things you enjoy. For me, that has meant my already modest beauty regimen. A fresh set of highlights every three months? So 2010. Shaving my legs? Let’s just say I now have a legitimate excuse to splurge on thoseDries Van Noten pants for spring. Who was that woman of leisure, and how do I get her back, or at least look like her?

The cruel joke is that once you reach the age of having it all, you really should be devoting more, not fewer, hours to prettifying. Five years ago, when I landed a high-profile job, I realized that I needed to start wearing concealer and mascara in order to appear more professional (not to mention more awake). Then, after I had a baby, all bets were off. A friend looked at me and shook her head. “The concealer’s not cutting it anymore,” she said. “You need a corrector too.” The beauty clutter grew. Now, for every moisturizer I own, there’s a serum—and an essence and a primer—to apply underneath. When I recently found myself making room for yet another product (apparently, night serums just don’t work during regular business hours), I knew I needed help streamlining my cabinet, my makeup kit—my life. So I reached out to some beauty professionals whose schedules are even more hectic than my own.

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“Your skincare routine should only take three minutes,” declares Amy Wechsler, M.D., who is board certified in both dermatology and psychiatry. “In the morning, you don’t even have to wash your face if you did so before going to bed. Just rinse.” Wechsler’s bare essentials are a moisturizer and sunscreen by day, and a moisturizer and prescription retinoid at night. She even worked with Chanel Skincare to develop La Solution 10 de Chanel, a moisturizer for sensitive skin that’s so gentle, it can be used as eye cream too. “I just close my eyes and put it everywhere,” she says. Which is exactly what I do the night after my appointment, on top of my Retin-A. No eye serum, no eye cream! The 39 seconds I gain feel like a vacation.

Speaking of which, when I tell Wechsler that I’m embarrassed by how the heady floral fragrance of Rodin’s Olio Lusso Facial Cleansing Powder transports me to a Mediterranean villa when I’m washing my face, she encourages me to embrace that fantasy spa moment, however paltry and pathetic. “In taking care of yourself,” she explains (the psychiatrist in her kicking in), “you’re lowering your cortisol and stress levels.” In other words, stress isn’t pretty. “Cortisol breaks down collagen, which is how we get wrinkles.” Oh, those. But for her, the biggest beauty time-saver is, in fact, Botox. “For sure, because you’re combating wrinkles by preventing them.” Why waste precious minutes applying creams when you can banish lines at the source? As soon as I find a sliver in my schedule, I’m going for it. I promise.

In the meantime, I wedge in a 7 p.m. appointment at CAP Beauty, in New York’s West Village. After getting the Root Treatment Facial, which combines acupuncture for mind-body-spirit rebalancing with a soothing skin treatment, I’m so blissed-out, I cab it the two blocks home. Better than Botox, if you ask me.

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Highlights require a commitment of several hours, which is why I refresh mine only once a year. So imagine my delight at meeting Sarah Spratt, a colorist and kindred spirit, at Takamichi Hair salon, in NoLIta. Spratt confides that she usually gets highlights in May, letting the summer sun take care of the rest. “Only go one level lighter than your natural color, and let the base mingle in with the highlights,” she says. “This makes the grow-out period painless.” To prolong the magic, she recommends a color-preserving shampoo, especially for brunettes. And as for those pesky stray grays, Oribe’s Airbrush Root Touch-Up Spray does the trick.

Luckily, stylist Ricky Pannell, the owner of the downtown salon Snip N Sip, doesn’t mind that I come in for a cut only twice a year. In fact, the one he gives me, with long layers from front to back along the jaw line, has a six-month shelf life. His no-style styling tips? For bouncy waves, air-dry damp hair in not one but two buns—on top and in the back, tucking in the ends, because, he says, they are the most important part. And what if I want straight hair and am too busy to give myself a full blowout or iron my curls (which, for the record, I have never done)? “Just concentrate on the ends,” he insists. “If the ends look nice, the whole thing looks good.”

And get this: When I sheepishly confess that I don’t have time to shampoo more than twice a week, Pannell smiles. Twice a week is enough, he confirms, and is better for my hair. “Just be sure you rinse really well. I can’t tell you how much buildup I see.” He’s on board with my time–saving product choices too: Oribe’s Supershine Light Moisturizing Cream, which acts as both a conditioner and styling product on damp hair, and Oribe’s Dry Texturizing Spray, for those no-wash days when I need a little pick-me-up.

Like me, the Los Angeles manicurist Stephanie Stone, of Nailing Hollywood, has a toddler, so she’s always on the hunt for ways to maintain her talons on the fly. The current trend for short, natural-looking nails, she informs me, is perfect for low-maintenance ladies: “Just clip and file them, apply a clear coat, and you’re done.” What’s more, the new rounder shape is less prone to snagging and, therefore, breakage. “But keep your cuticles and hands moisturized,” she adds, recommending Dr. Hauschka’s Neem Nail & Cuticle Oil Pen and NCLA’s Polish Me Pretty exfoliating hand scrub.

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And as for that aforementioned no-longer-cutting-it eye concealer? I’ve long been a Bobbi Brown fan, so I decide to ask the cosmetics-empire builder and mother of three how on earth she manages to look dewy and rested. Like Wechsler, she’s fanatical about moisturizer. Then she talks me through her “stoplight beauty routine,” which she swears takes just minutes and can be done in the car. (I wonder if I can pull it off while biking to work…) “We have this new intensive dual skin-serum corrector-concealer—it comes with a wand,” Brown says. “And I don’t go anywhere without my Telluride bronzer. Because I wear glasses, I can get away without eye makeup, but when I want to look better, I use a brown pencil to line my eye, the same pencil to fill in my brow, and then I throw on mascara. I don’t have to do anything else—I’m fine without lipstick.”

Her strategy helps me winnow down my own product arsenal. Corrector and concealer are replaced by Brown’s do-it-all serum. Eye shadow, liner, and their corresponding application tools are trumped by a quick swipe of a cream-shadow stick. Lash curler? Gone. Brown gently curls her lashes up with her finger while her mascara dries, and now I do the same. My blush is still Kjaer Weis’s finger-friendly cream, and my lips stay loyal to Brown’s discontinued tinted lip balm, which I use very sparingly. What really brings my speedier new look together, though, are my brows. Who knew? Sabah Feroz, of Blink Brow Bar at Saks Fifth Avenue, in New York, threaded and tinted them a shade darker, which gave me such a Hilary Rhoda quotient, I nearly considered dropping makeup altogether.

I said “nearly.” I’m busy, not crazy.

The 6 Beauty Products Kristen Bell Swears By

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Kristen Bell is our favorite funnygirl, but she’s also known for routinely nailing it in the beauty department. Her skin is flawless and bright, and her hair always has that easy, effortless wave (that we all know takes serious effort). So when we got to chat with her about her involvement with Neutrogena’s new See What’s Possible campaign to empower women (she’s a global ambassador for the brand, as well), we knew she’d have some good tips for those of us who don’t have around-the-clock glam squads. These are her go-to products.

Clarisonic Mia 2 Cleansing Brush. “After my kids have gone to sleep, when I wash my face, it’s such a meditative experience for me. I really, genuinely look forward to it, and I use this brush.”

Neutrogena Naturals Purifying Facial Cleanser. “It’s good at getting all the grime—not just makeup. Living in southern California, there’s a lot of smog. This cleans my pores really well.”

Neutrogena Hydro Boost Water Gel. “It’s a soothing gel that has hyaluronic acid, which is how your skin naturally retains its moisture. It really does plump me up. Between using this and having a healthy diet, I feel like I’m setting myself up for skin success.”

Neutrogena Ultra Sheer Face and Body Stick Sunscreen Broad Spectrum SPF 70. “I use these sticks every day. They’re in every one of my purses, and I reapply on my hands when I’m sitting in traffic and the windshield sun is blazing on my hands. I’m not yet in the mood for liver spots.”

Klorane Dry Shampoo With Oat Milk. “Dry shampoo is my hair drug of choice. It’s the thing that takes all the excess oil out, and it’s the perfect mix of making your hair feel clean and dirty. When you have thin, blonde hair, having it feel dirty is kind of important for texture. Otherwise, it’s just thin and slippery.”

Psssst Instant Dry Shampoo Spray. “It smells like something my grandma used—in a great way. A nostalgic way. I love that. Smells are supposed to make you feel things!”

How Korean beauty trends are making an impact on your makeup routine

There are two very contrasting makeup trends continuing to dominate the Instagram and YouTube accounts of beauty vloggers and aficionados: One is exaggerated facial contouring; the other is a very minimal, no-makeup makeup look.

The Kardashian sisters are responsible for the internet’s obsession with face and eyebrow sculpting (though legendary makeup artist Kevyn Aucoin is the original). Makeup brands like Anastasia Beverly Hills and NARS have released contouring kits. Last September, Kim Kardashian hosted a $500 master class with her makeup artist, Mario Dedivanovic. Extreme before-contouring photos are popping up on social media accounts—a visual representation of just how much work it takes to create the illusion of perfectly-chiseled cheekbones.

But the no-makeup look is gaining in popularity. The growing influence of Korean beauty—from their intensive skincare routines to BB creams and cushion compacts—on Western culture is the culprit for the internet’s fascination with wanting to look like they “woke up like this.” Last year, an article about the growth of Korean beauty on The Cut revealed:

So far, in the first half of 2015, according to the Korea Customs Service, the total export value of Korean beauty products to the U.S. was $52 million, a 60 percent increase from last year. America is the third biggest export market for Korean cosmetics companies, after China and Hong Kong.

American women are opting out of noticeable makeup and instead coveting dewy skin, bushy brows, and natural-looking flushed cheeks, and Instagramming #shelfies of all of the skincare products they use (popularized by beauty blog Into The Gloss).

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In 2011, Korean brand Dr. Jart introduced its BB cream to Sephora, claiming to cover blemishes and uneven skin tone while also working to erase them and protect the skin from sun damage—and the K-beauty craze began. Then came CC creams, which are more color-correcting and used to diminish the appearance of redness. Most recently, cushion compacts have hit the market, functioning like BB and CC creams, but with SPF over 50 and small, compact packaging for easier application. All of these are lightweight creams, more like a moisturizer, than a foundation, but with the benefits of coverage.

Cosmopolitan editor Jessica Matlin first noticed the influx of Korean beauty products into the American beauty market about three years ago. “This brand isn’t Korean, it’s Japanese, but when SK-II came out with sheet masks like ten years ago, that was the original,” Matlin told me. “And then, I started seeing other sheet masks about three years ago and everyone was like, ‘oh, it’s like the SK-II mask.’ Now, nobody says that anymore because there’s been so many. Everyone started making them, places like Peach and Lily started coming out, and it was just like, this explosion.”

A lot of American and European skincare products lead with the promise of gradually preventing wrinkles and fine lines. While K-beauty products can come off as intimidating, because of their advanced technology and vastly unknown ingredients, the promise of immediate results is what makes them so appealing. Throw on a skin-problem specific serum-soaked sheet mask from TonyMoly or Dr. Jart for 20 minutes, massage the left-over product into your skin and instantly get more a more radiant complexion. Apply the Laneige Water Sleeping Mask overnight for eight hours and wake up with hydrated skin.

American women aren’t only flocking to the beauty counters to purchase products in hopes of getting more dewy radiant skin, but they are also going to conferences and panels for more information. Last year, indie e-commerce retailer Glow Recipe held a K-beauty panel at KCON, a conference about all things Korean culture held in New York and Los Angeles, with plans to showcase even more K-beauty vendors at the event this summer. Most recently, The Korea Society—a group based in New York that organizes events about Korean affairs—held a conference on everything K-beauty, where panels of experts dished on their skincare routines, favorite products, and what they think is next. The audience was made up of mostly non-Korean women (including me).

During a K-beauty makeup tutorial at the Korea society event, Seong Hee Park did something I’ve never seen a make-up artist do: Before she applied any foundation, she did a 20-minute sheet mask and then applied toner, eye cream, and an argan oil serum on her model. “Korean makeup needs dewy skin, so you definitely need to hydrate your skin,” said Park. “Most of Korean beauty is for the skin products, not the makeup products.”

“If Westerners have a skin problem, usually they go to see the doctor, or they are looking for something to cover it up. But, if Koreans have a skin problem, they are looking for a good skin product first, to recover and heal their skin, because they understand how [skincare ingredients] work there,” said Park.

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The Korean way of skincare is thorough, affordable, innovative, and seemingly effective—it’s no wonder why Americans are hopping on board to change the way they approach their skin. Korean-inspired regimens usually consist of ten steps or more, including double cleansing, toning, an essence, two or three serums, and sheet masks with ingredients like sea kelp, snail mucin, maple tree sap and starfish extract. That leaves very little to do once makeup application comes into play. And even then, the makeup is often also working to fix the skin, with blushes, foundations and creams that not only help with radiance and evenness, but also hydrate and protect with SPF.

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Alicia Yoon and Cindy Kim launched their e-commerce site Peach and Lilyin 2012. Since then, the American beauty market has been introduced to things like snail cream and rubber masks. Peach and Lily, along withSokoGlam, are the leading beauty sellers and influencers of K-beauty products in the US. Last year, Sephora teamed up with Peach and Lily, introducing a beauty campaign promoting only Korean beauty products, which now have their own sections, both on the websites and in-store.

“[Sephora’s] image with Ji-Hye Park as the model–her look was this dewy face, and it actually said, ‘get dewy skin’ on the poster. I think when people saw that, [the influence of Korean beauty] really resonated,” said Yoon. “And you see that on runways now—people are doing glossy lids and radiant faces. The really matte, powdery look isn’t really in with fashionistas right now.”

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Of course, the Korean beauty routine doesn’t have to be achieved by using solely Korean products. An increasing number of American brands, like Peter Roth Thomas, L’Oreal, and Clinique are adopting the “skin first” idea by creating their own versions of these scientifically-advanced products, from toners to sheet masks to cushion compacts. And, in the past year, two American beauty brands launched with the sole selling point of getting a radiant, flawless complexion through routine skincare and minimal makeup, taking an obvious cue from the K-beauty craze.

In 2015, Emily Weiss launched her beauty brand Glossier with the mottos “skincare as makeup” and “skin is in.” Instead of making stuff to hide blemishes, the line includes products like a Skin Perfecting Tint, which works to make the skin look more dewy, and the Boy Brow, meant to make your eyebrows look fuller and slightly untamed. Glossier offered two masks, cleansers, and a priming moisturizer before they ever launched concealers or lipsticks.

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Milk Makeup launched in February 2016, and while the brand offers fun makeup products, like bright red lip color and blue eyeliners, the appearance of radiant, dewy, youthful skin is still the starting point. Like K-beauty products, there are multitaskers—like a Blush Oil that creates flushed cheeks while also hydrating the skin, and a Cooling Water that hydrates the skin while also giving it an immediate glow. Like Glossier, Milk Makeup launched with skincare products for the face—Charcoal Cleanser and Sunshine Oil.

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Innovation and change are constant factors in Korean beauty products. This year’s cushion compacts may be packaged differently and offer even more benefits in the next year. But having a flawless complexion through the use of various skincare products is a part of the culture. In the United States, beauty trends come and go, and only time will tell if the K-beauty craze is just a fad or an new standard. But, who knew “started wearing less and going out more” could also apply to your makeup routine?

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Kendall Jenner: Here Are The Beauty Tips She Learned From Kim Kardashian

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As an only child, I am absurdly jealous of all the advice Kendall Jenner has gotten from her older sisters, beauty mavens Kourtney, Khloe and Kim Kardashian. Luckily, she’s sharing their advice!

Kendall Jenner, 20, barely needs help in the beauty department, but she has gotten some life-changing advice from her older sisters, including Kim Kardashian. Read their skincare tips, plus see how she stays thin while eating “pizza, fried chicken, everything” below.

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Kendall spoke to Byrdie at the Estee Edit launch in New York on March 22.

“My sisters, since they’re a little bit older than Kylie and I, they’ve always wanted to help prevent anything that they’ve gone through when they were our age. So they’re like, Never touch your face, never pick your face, always wash your face, and wear eye cream. They literally give us everything that we should do. So ever since then, we’ve started taking skincare really seriously.”

Kendall said she loves this night cream but adds, “But I can’t pick just one!”

She adds: “I’m very simple and lazy with my beauty routine. I wouldn’t say I’m that daring. But I’ve always been super OCD about washing my face — and that’s even before I started modeling. But it’s definitely enhanced now because I wear so much makeup all the time. I wash my face at least two or three times a day.”

Kendall Jenner’s Beauty Advice — Tips From Her Sisters & Kim Kardashian

About her hair, Kendall says: “My hair is so stick straight and silky, so when I sleep with it wet and wake up in the morning, it has this nice texture to it. That’s my version of doing my hair.” That sounds easy.

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To maintain her model figure, Kendall admits: “I hate cardio. I’d rather just stand there and lift some weights than run in place. But I’ll do it!”

She likes to do squats and planks to work out her abs and butt (hmmm, where is that inspiration coming from?). She mostly eats healthy — grilled chicken and rice — but admits: “I love everything unhealthy. Pizza, fried chicken, everything.”

5 Spring Beauty Upgrades To Refresh Your Fresh

alberta-ferretti-bbt-ss16_240x340_27There’s something about spring that just encourages you to get your affairs in order. Those shoes that have been piling up by your back door suddenly find a home on that fabulous new shoe rack that you just bought. That parsley plant that you forgot to water all winter (RIP fair herbal friend) finally gets laid to rest in your compost. Spring cleaning is definitely a ‘thing,’ so why not spring clean your beauty routine, too? Of course, it’s always wise to go through your makeup kit and throw away anything that’s past its prime, but here are a few celebrity esthetician approved tips for living your best beaut life this spring, courtesy of Katherin Goldman, owner of the Stript Wax Bar in California.

Are You Keeping Your Beauty Products Too Long?

Get waxed. Chances are you’ve let the hair down there (and everywhere else) get a little wild during the winter months. No judgment– I definitely don’t wax my legs until that first or second week of spring. Head to your local wax salon and treat your legs and lady bits to a full-on wax session. If your guy is hairy, consider suggesting that he gets a ‘brozilian,’ the masculine version of every girl’s favorite South American wax.

Get a facial. Rejuvenate old skin and boost cell turn over. Slough off dead skin below the belt with a ‘vajacial’ to smooth skin and treat any issues of hyperpigmentation or in grown hairs that occur as a result of shaving.

Get some color. Even melanin-rich girls need a little color. After three or four months of brutal New York winter weather, my milk chocolaty skin always looks a little pale and lack luster. To boost my bronze, I like to warm my skin up with a little bronzer and sometimes even a little tanner to recapture my bronze-y brown. Before your judge, yes, Black girls can use self tanner, too. It gives our skin a little bronze-y glow without the risk of sun damage. Find out how I use tanner in the summer in my article, “We Tried It: Spray Tanning.”

We Tried It: Spray Tanning

Start detoxing. Beauty starts from the inside. A great way to boost your glow and recharge your beauty batteries is by eating plenty of colorful leafy vegetables, drinking lots of water and fresh, sugar-free smoothies, and taking vitamins daily. I went vegan for the month of February and my skin is proof of how a diet change can upgrade your skincare. Learn more about the benefits of going vegan in my story “Vegan 30: the Good, the Bad and the Ugly of Giving Up Meat and Dairy

Start sweating. Working out shouldn’t be a stressful activity. In fact, unless you’re strong willed, it’s likely that you won’t keep up your workout regimen unless you actually enjoy it. Find a buddy, a class or workout plan, or a hot trainer that you like and break a sweat this spring. Exercise is a good way to help the body eliminate toxins and it also releases endorphins which help boost your mood.

De-stress regularly. Go outside, take a walk, grab some froyo or listen to your favorite tune. Stress shows up on your face and can make your muscles feel super tense. Find your happy place and tap into it often to maintaining positive vibes throughout the season that can carry you into next winter and beyond.

4 Things You Can Do for a Happier Workday

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Probiotic cold brew isn’t the only route to staying sane, healthy, and productive when things get crazy at the office. Perhaps no one knows this better than Sophie Keller, cofounder and “chief happiness officer”—for real—of Los Angeles’s Village Workspaces. When the brand’s second coworking space opened in West L.A. last month, Keller and her crew made employee wellness a top priority, bringing in an organic and gluten-free vending machine, desk-side Juice Served Here delivery, and in-house yoga, fitness, and meditation classes, among other things. (Um, when can I move in?)

All of these healthy perks aren’t just an attempt to chase trends, says the positive psychology expert: “[Employee] happiness and well-being are the greatest economic advantages a company can have…so when we make our members happier, we’re hopefully influencing their bottom line.”

What if your workplace doesn’t have free massages and an open bar? According to Keller, there are loads of little rituals we can adopt on an individual level to boost job satisfaction. “It’s easy to let the day control you, instead of you controlling the day,” she says, adding that having a happiness practice is a major source of empowerment and, in turn, on-the-clock contentment. Here, Keller fills us in on four of her favorite rites that make the 9-to-5 a little more blissful. What you put in your coffee cup, however, is still totally your call.

Make your to-do list more mindful.
If your out-of-control workload sends you into panic mode, Keller suggests approaching it with intention. “When you get to work, take two minutes to get in the zone and manifest calmness,” she says. “Then write a list of goals you want to accomplish that day.”

Now, here’s the kicker: After numbering your goals in order of importance, Keller suggests putting a star next to all the tasks you can accomplish in two minutes or less and tackling those first. “You can get five tasks done in ten minutes,” she says. “I can’t tell you how satisfying it is to get on a roll quickly!”

Get moving.
By now, you probably know why it pays to have a standing desk: Keller says it helps you burn calories, rev circulation, and boost productivity, all of which ultimately leads you to feel happier. “I do at least two to three hours standing each day, and to help me stay focused, I pick projects that I know will take that much time to complete,” she says.

If that’s not an option, Keller suggests breaking up your day with a walk or a short bout of exercise for a natural energy boost—and some mood-enhancing sunshine.

To find out what else you should do to make your workday better, head over to Well + Good.

Salon Stroke

A California woman suffered a stroke after a beauty salon visit, sparking fears over a rare but documented condition called “Beauty Parlor Stroke Syndrome.”

CLAIM: Getting your hair washed at a beauty salon can, in rare cases, increase the chances of a stroke.

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We are seeing this all over our professional forums and its got some people pretty freaked out. I have been in the hair business for 27 years and I have never heard of a “beauty parlor stroke”… could you guys check this out and give us some real info?

ORIGIN:In January 2014, a woman in San Diego, California, went to a local salon to get her hair done.  What happened next sounds like the most nightmarish of urban legends: the angle and degree she was tilted in the chair and the way her head tipped back over the sink while the stylist was washing her hair caused Elizabeth Smith to have a stroke two weeks later:

“I vomited, my head became hot and I couldn’t stand. I had weakness in my arms and legs. They didn’t think I was going to live,” said Smith, choking back tears.

Smith says she could hardly believe what nearly killed her.

Her doctors pointed to her time in the shampoo chair. Beauty Parlor Stroke Syndrome is what they called it. It’s a rare but documented condition.

Multiple doctors who saw Smith say when her neck was bent backwards, it hyperextended, her vertebrae slicing an artery. A clot began forming, later causing a stroke.

“Several of Ms. Smith’s neurologists confirmed with her that the stroke was caused by the vertebra dissecting her artery during her hair wash,” said Smith’s attorney Carree Nahama.

The danger is real, although the probability of it happening is low. A study that came out in 1993, subsequently covered by the New York Times, found that older people have a higher risk of a stroke during or after a visit to the beauty salon (Smith was in her late 40s at the time):

The patients suffered from a variety of complaints attributable to poor blood flow in arteries leading through the neck to the back of the brain, including severe dizziness, imbalance and facial numbness. Four out of five suffered strokes leading to permanent neurologic damage.

“In older people, neck motion beyond a certain degree can be extremely dangerous, particularly hyperextension and rotation,” said Dr. Weintraub, chief of neurology at Phelps Memorial Hospital in North Tarrytown, N.Y., referring to backward arching and twisting.

He and others have suggested that patients receiving anesthesia or undergoing prolonged dental work may also be vulnerable, since they too have their necks arched back abnormally for prolonged periods.

A 2006 study also looked into the issue, saying while it probably occurred more than previously thought, the risk of stroke in these cases was easily alleviated:

Taken together, hyperextension combined with hanging the head backwards in a hair washbasin can be seen as a risk factor for posterior circulation ischemia. It probably occurs more often than assumed and a number of patients may report about previous dizziness episodes under the same conditions when asked specifically. It can be prevented by changing the shampoo routine from the hanging head position to a flexed or neutral position.

Elizabeth Smith says she racked up $250,000 in medical bills, and is now suing the salon for damages.

Black Women Fight Back Against Beauty Industry That’s Failed Them

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Almost any Black woman who has wandered into a drug store has faced the same dilemma: Which shade of [insert product here] fits my complexion? Usually, this refers to the foundation laid as the base on a woman’s face, but it can also refer to lipsticks and blush.

The issue doesn’t just deal with makeup but, as many exasperated natural-haired women know, it refers to products for the mane as well. Though Black women have Shea Moisture and Carol’s Daughter, the masses of hair companies have only recently begun to pay attention to the unique beauty needs of Black women, according to Refinery29.

Thankfully, some women have newly taken control of how their faces are made up in the morning. Ofunne Amaka took to Instagram one day to demonstrate to other Black women how makeup swatches would show up on darker hues. Little did the fashion and beauty blogger expect, she was met with thousands of followers who appreciated her efforts. Now, Amaka is launching an app called Cocoa Swatches, after the same-named Instagram account. Because of thoughtful individuals like her, a change is being lead in predominately white beauty brands to demand more products for coarsely textured hair and melanin proficient women, according to Mic.

Lately, it seems that cosmetic beauty companies are taking notice and starting to implement changes, no matter how many decades late the change has come. According to Refinery29, L’Oréal launched a “Women of Color Lab” project in 2013 aimed at producing foundations which feature the wide ranges of Black skintones. The company acquired Carol’s Daughter in the next year, and in its press release announcing the move, the company touted Carol’s Daughter as a brand that “caters to a diverse, rapidly growing market,” as if that market – filled with Black consumers eager to consume products that work well with their tresses – hasn’t been sitting on the sidelines for all these years.

It’s been well-documented that Black women make up a bulk of the consumers in the beauty industry. According to The Huffington Post, the Black hair industry accounts for profits of $500 billion. That’s including the shift away from relaxers to natural hair. With all that money being spent, there’s plenty of financial proof that there is high demand for quality products catering to Black needs.

Where makeup is concerned, it’s clear that Black celebrities are being featured more prominently than ever as ambassadors across marketing campaigns for companies ranging from drugstore brands like Neutrogena (Kerry Washington) and high-end ones like Lancôme’ (Lupita Nyong’o). But it’s still taken so much time for these brands to feature makeup that includes a variety of skin tones. Washington wasn’t even able to find a foundation that matched her skin tone, according to Refinery 29.

One thing that holds beauty companies from including women of color is the idea that there needs to be specialization. According to Refinery29, Black products are always featured separately in the “ethnic” beauty section. Other times, the products are no longer carried by retailers due to issues of demand. Retailers and beauty companies alike should stop seeing Black women as the other and start seeing them as being in tune with other consumers of beauty products.

“They’re not categories,” said Desiree Reid, vice president of Iman Cosmetics. “They’re customers that are looking for the same thing every woman’s looking for when she walks down that beauty aisle.”

Once companies get on board with this line of thinking, Black women will see more honest improvements.

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